- A brief historical review.
- The paradigm of TCM – from diagnosis (syndrome) to treatment. The methods and means of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
- Methods of studying TCM, the ancient system of training “master – apprentice”, modern medical education on TCM.
- Bibliography of TCM (treatises “Huang Di Ney Jing”, “Shang Han Lun”, “Wen Bin” and others). Features of studying and understanding of classical works.
- The connection of ancient medicine with modernity, the formation of algorithms for the integrative approach of TCM and Western Medicine, interpenetration and mutual enrichment. The concept of the theory of holism, the theory of resonance.
- The concept of Yin-Yang, the unity and struggle of opposites. Philosophical and medical aspects.
- The concept of Wu Xing (Five Elements), the philosophical and medical aspect. Kinds of connections between elements, features of their use in medicine.
- International medical terminology of TCM, the rules of writing “pin yin”.
- The theory of dense and empty organs Zang Fu.
Five density organs.
– Heart (XIN)
– Lung (FEY)
– Spleen (PI)
– Liver (GAN)
– Kidney (SHEN)
Six empty organs.
– Gallbladder (DAN)
– Stomach (WEI)
– Thin intestine (XIAO CHANG)
– Thick intestine (DA CHANG)
– Bladder (PANG GUANG)
– Three Jiao (SAN JIAO)
A detailed description of each organ, its function, role in the body, features. The concept of “windows” and “mirrors” of dense organs.
- The concept of Qi and blood in the body. Types of Qi. Functions of various types of Qi. The ratio of Qi and blood. The concept of the normal fluids of the “Jin Ye”. Normal and pathological fluids.
- Mental and emotional status of a person from the position of TCM (“5 souls” and the connection between them).
- The path of movement of water in the body according to the theory of TCM.
- Interaction between Qi, blood and liquids in the body.
- Interrelations between organs in normal and pathological conditions (as one of the variants of pathogenesis of the disease).
- Interrelationships between dense bodies.
- Interrelationships between dense and hollow organs according to the Biao-Li rule.
- The doctrine of the meridians of the organism. 12 “main meridians” and 8 “unusual vessels.” External and internal course of meridians, the concept of acupuncture points. “Yang” and “yin” meridians, their course, functions, connections in the body, collaterals, time of maximum activity. Pair interconnections.
- Causes of diseases from the position of TCM. Internal causes. External causes. Features of modern pathogenic factors forming the profile of morbidity.
- The concept of “six pathogenic XIE” as external factors that affect the body. Features of each of them.
- “Five internal pathogenic factors” and the reasons leading to them. Features of each of them. “Five fatigues” and “six stagnations”, “stagnation of the seven senses” and other internal causes of the disease.
- Pathogenesis of the development of diseases. The relationship between the pathogenic principle and the protective forces of the body. The role of protective barriers Zheng Qi, Wei Qi and others.
- Development of the disease according to the system of “six meridians”, “four barriers”.
- The ratio between yin and yang at normal and at pathology.
- Pathology of Qi.
- The pathology of blood.
- Joint pathology of Qi and blood.
- The pathology of Jin Ye fluids, the formation of pathological fluids such as dampness and phlegm.
- Prevention of diseases. Features of methods for the prevention of diseases used in TCM. The concept of “health promotion” Yang Sheng (methods of maintaining and promoting health in everyday life) as a basis for disease prevention. Healthy eating, harmonious emotions, life in harmony with nature, distribution of loads according to age, sleep and rest regime, etc. from the perspective of Chinese medicine. The relationship between the contribution of a healthy lifestyle and health care in the formation of human health.