One of the most interesting terms in theory of TCM is the concept of “qi”. This word is rather difficult to translate into European languages due to a vast number of meanings and associations contained by it. Life impulse, life energy required for metabolism of a micronutrient and many other things – all of these relate to qi. What is the difference between a dead person and a living person? Presence of qi. Even the word “machine” has a hieroglyph qi – in literal translation “a cart with qi”. There is variety of types of qi in an organism, and every physician of Chinese medicine knows about them in all details. Methods of acupuncture and herbal medicine allows addition of necessary types of qi, moving qi upon congestion, directing a flow of qi anywhere it is needed and solving other tasks. This is a foundation of classic Chinese medicine.
But the time flies fast. And medical knowledge is not a rigid dogma. Any medical system is aimed at the tasks which come to the fore in one or another period. Conditions of life change and disease profiles change. So called “noncontagious epidemics” of diabetes, early arteriosclerotic vascular disease, obesity are spoken about more and more. Oncology diseases call attention. Of course, increase of longevity and early detectability affect statistic data. But cancer arises in increasingly younger people, number of diseased increases in all age divisions – and it is an evident tendency.
As you know, there are two mechanisms of comparison of Chinese syndrome and Western nosology if the patient has any specific pathology. This system is practiced in those clinics in China, where both methods of Chinese and Western medicine are used. This trend has spread to almost most of the major research centers and clinics, and thus implemented the concept of synthesis of Western and Chinese medicine.
- “The treatment of the complaint.” For example, the single symptom “plentiful menstruation” can occur at various syndromes of TCM (“blood heat”, “qi does not keep the blood” and other) and at the different clinical forms (uterine fibroids, functional disorders). Therefore, to determine a treatment strategy it needs to determine the TCM syndrome leading this symptom, as well as the nosological form determined by Western medicine laboratory and instrumental studies. Then choose the best possible treatment methods by determining the proportion of Western and Chinese medicine in each case.
- “Treatment of nosology form.” In this case, the patient goes to the doctor with established Western diagnosis. Nosological form should be “split” on TCM syndromes that can occur with this disease. For example, infertility can be caused by shen qi xu, xue yu, gan qi yu jie and others. Then suitable to this case, the method of Chinese medicine organically supplement existing treatment regimen of the patient.
In 1981 M. Hanefeld and W. Leoonardt proposed to introduce the term “metabolic syndrome” for combination of several-sorted metabolic imbalances. In 1988 professor G. Reaven made an assumption with reference to his own findings and generalization of other researches’ investigations that insulin resistance, abdominal obesity, hypertension, lipid storage disease (including fatty liver disease) and ischaemic heart disease are signs of pathosis for which he proposed the term “syndrome X”. In 1989 D. Kaplan coined the term “deadly quartet”: obesity, diabetes, hypertension and ischaemic heart disease.
Obviously, scientists of Western medicine have suggested systematic approach to the whole organism by summarizing several metabolic imbalances in one pathosis. They have detected the “backfriend” that could gradually lead to fatal outcome of the patient. Over the last 20 years Western medicine has got significant results in the searching of metabolic disorders. But, it turns out Chinese medicine has a systematic approach to the disease, a clear understanding of the pathogenesis and effective methods of prevention and treatment. But, of course, from the standpoint of it’s theory – as we know, Chinese medicine has always featured an integrated assessment of the state of the body.
Khalmurad Upur – Uighur nationality. He lives in the city Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. At the end of the 80s he came to the USSR and defended his doctoral thesis on the treatment of bronchial asthma by acupuncture at St. Petersburg University named after Academician Pavlov. In 35 years, he became a professor of Xinjiang University of TCM. And currently he is the rector of the same university. He is the leading expert in the field of synthesis of three medicine – Chinese, European and Uighur. Revealed the parallels and points of contact of these medical systems is a recognized authority in China and in many countries in this direction. He has the government awards for scientific work. He initiated the organization of training Russian doctors of traditional Chinese medicine on the high level, the level of teaching in government universities in China.
Zhang Boli – Academician of the Academy of Engineering Chinese People’s Republic. So far, he holds a high post in the Ministry of Health of China for many years and is also the rector of Tianjin University of TCM and TCM Peking University that it is an unprecedented fact in China. He is one of the leading TCM-cardiologist in China and in the field of synthesis of TCM and Western medicine. He leads a large scientific and practical work on the development of a new generation of meds to treat heart disease. They developed a medicine to treat Alzheimer’s disease that has received much recognition in the United States.
Li Li Xiang – Professor of Tianjin University of TCM, one of the well-known experts in the field of non- pharmacological treatments – massage Tui Na, gymnastics Tai Ji, the technician Qi Gong. Due to their speaking of several languages, Professor Li Li Xiang is one of the leading teachers of foreign students and doctors in their specialty. Often he is teaching abroad, in particular in the UK, Russia, Africa and others. His teaching and clinical work combines the work of a foreign dean Tianjin University of TCM, the head of which he is.
Shi Xue Ming – Academician of the Academy of Engineering Chinese People’s Republic, one of the greatest acupuncturist in China, created his own method of treatment called «Xin Nao Kai Qiao» («The revival of the brain”), which is used for the treatment of acute and chronic disorders of cerebral circulation with a huge success. He is an honorary member of more than 30 medical academies of the world, including America and Europe. Before retirement he headed the First clinic of Tianjin University of TCM, which was built specially for him to use his method «Xin Nao Kai Qiao». This method became very popular in China. He is the author of many books on TCM, and, until recently, was the principal reviewer of scientific monographs on acupuncture.
Guo Qi Rui – head of the Russian department at Tianjin University of TCM. In the past, he was the director of a large export-import association of Chinese medicinal ingredients. He is fluent in Russian. He is educated, erudite and intelligent man unusually. He is esthete, a connoisseur of Russian classical literature and music. He is “the link” of all processes of cooperation between the Russian doctors, scientists, business representatives and patients with the Tianjin University of TCM. Our dear and precious friend!
Professor WEI YU QI is the famous legendary practitioner who specialized in the treatment of diseases of the liver, brain, thyroid, autoimmune diseases and cancer. He worked in Tianjin University of TCM developed a system of treatment of viral, alcoholic and toxic hepatitis. He used practical recipes from Chinese medicinal ingredients, developed a system of “stable combinations” of plants. Especially he successfully used practical recipes for “tang yao” and individual multi-pill “wan yao” for the treatment of complex comorbidity with both existing syndromes of excess and deficiency. He was well-known Tibetan medicine. He used in his practice techniques such as Tibetan and Chinese medicine, which complement each other in certain diseases.
In the first photo there is a family meeting – Vladimir Nachatoy, Oksana Nachataia, Professor Wei Yu Qi and his wife. In the second photo, Professor Wei Yu Qi presents a sample of the huge mushroom «fu ling» to Tianjin University at the festival dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the University in 2008.
He was a devout Buddhist. In the last years of his life he made an expedition to Tibet, where he studied in detail the unique Tibetan stones with special properties, as published an illustrated book. His book is on the pictures.
Famous specialist in acupuncture and herbal medicine, professor of Tianjin University of Liu Gong Wang. A legendary figure, a famous physician and teacher, produced thousands of students in various fields of acupuncture. He written and produced numerous books on acupuncture, Chinese Phytopharmacolog
Aleksandr KACHAN is one of the founders of acupuncture in the USSR and Russia. Perfectly mastered the Chinese language, he studied Chinese acupuncture, founded a school for Russian doctors taught the names of the acupuncture points in Chinese. He said about acupoints “by name and patronymic”, thus emphasizing that the meaning of hieroglyphs has been laid in terms of therapeutic action. For the first time in Russia he introduced in the teaching of the concept of “Meridian” as an integral part of the theory of acupuncture. He worked during the difficult time of skepticism and political changes. He was a great scholar and devoted his life to the development of new knowledge.
Tianjin University Professor Zhang Xi Peng was experienced practitioners with years of experience, a specialist in internal medicine. One of the most respected and revered professors of the first generation since the founding of Tianjin University. He was engaged in treating a wide range of diseases of the heart and the lungs, digestive system, endocrine pathology. He was the perfect master of the classic Chinese recipe. He used in his practice as Chinese Phytopharmacolog
On the photographs he conducts the treatment of patients, while classes with students (Vladimir Nachatoy is one of them).
“To live in unity with nature” is a commonplace which elicits a certain range of associations. For example, buying clothes or furniture made of natural materials only. Or inclusion of farm products into ration and products from own garden would be better. Or sort of making a curtsey to forests, fields and rivers, generally being appropriate scenery for picnics and entertainment. But if we divert our attention from material daily routine which makes the same concept of nature primitive and prosaic, then our view will be turned somewhere further, beyond the horizon, it will embrace beauty of the many-sided world around. Or it may immerse inside, into own soul, to search there for response to great cosmic processes. The entire living world around us from the smallest germ to the living planet Earth is an integral, complex system penetrated with united quantum strings which are in harmonious dynamic balance. And could we really see ourselves as something separate, “alien”, dividing our breath from breath of the entire living world on our planet?”
Great ancient thinkers knew this. They always tried to carry out their spiritual practices qi gong, contemplation of the world around in the wilderness, in beautiful spirited places away from people’s fuss. This enabled them to vanish in surrounding magnificence, to enter into resonance with elements of power, to resonate with their spiritual impulses. Would we like it or not, but we are inseparably tied with nature both spiritually and physically. Cyclic change of seasons, day and night are in the picture of internal cycles of humans. As any living creature on our planet, a human organism has to tune its physiological processes uninterruptedly with a wave of external changes of the surrounding medium in order to keep steady metabolism and not to get sick. No matter how we try to fence ourselves off changeable climate with increasingly comfortable life conditions and functional clothes, we have to interact with nature in any way. Even more, communication with nature is necessary for us to support our life and health. And it is an undeniable truth.