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- Scientific sources: comprehensive continuity of the basic theories and knowledge of TCM from ancient times to the Han period, a thorough study by the author of the Han and pre-Han pharmacology, and the clinical experience of Zhang Zhongjing himself.
- Shang Han Lun (hereinafter referred to as SHL) is the earliest in the history of TCM classic work that combines theory with practice.
- Shang Han Lun – the recognized “ancestor of the doctrine of prescriptions.” The contribution of this work to the further evolution of Chinese phytopharmacology and medicine in general.
- The person and the external environment. The causes of diseases, diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by the external environment. SHL as a basis and foundation for the further development of the science of infectious diseases and climate lesions in TCM.
- Logical construction of Zhang Zhongjing in explaining the pathogenesis and development of diseases. The struggle between the protective Qi and the pathogenic source, the circulation of qi and blood, the exchange of fluids in the body, and others.
- The concept of the “six meridians”, developed by Zhang Zhongjing, as a regulatory systems on the path of disease. The role in the body and the characteristics of each of them. Pathways of the pathogenic transition between the meridians. Interrelations of algorithms of clinical thinking on the system of “six meridians” and “eight fundamental principles”. The concept of a “direct attack” of the pathogenic source.
- Two methods for differential diagnosis to determine the prescription according to the Shang Han Lun syndrome.
“From the syndrome to the method of treatment and to the prescription.”
“From the recipe to the syndrome.”
The possibilities of using these methods in practice, the strengths and weaknesses of each method.
- Traditional Chinese pharmacology. 89 (93) of the TCM ingredients and 113 (112) recipes used in the treatise (according to different sources). Methods of treatment, initially systematized in a treatise.
- Features and trends of modern respiratory viral infections and their complications. Correlations between recipes used for the “six meridians” and “four barriers” (SHL and Wen Bing).
- Differentiation of syndromes according to the “six meridians”. “From Syndrome to Prescription.”
- Yang meridians syndromes and Yin meridians syndromes. General patterns of the course of the disease and the effect on health in the future.
- The concept of “combined”, “mixed”, “complicated” and “changed due to mistaken treatment” syndromes. The concept of “miscellaneous syndromes.”
- Shang Han Lun and modern medicine. Formation of integrative approach algorithms in the use of SHL recipes.
- Tai Yang. Syndromes of the meridian and syndromes of organs “fu”. Combined and mixed Tai Yang syndromes. Changed syndromes Tai Yang. Changed syndromes due to irrelevant (mistaken) treatment or way of life. Tai Yang with complications.
- Yang Ming. Syndrome of the meridian Yang Ming – syndrome of “Bai Hu Tang”, syndrome of “Zhi Zi Chi Tan.” Syndrome “Yang Ming Fu”. Combined syndromes Yang Ming, their varieties. Contraindications to the method of treatment through the purgation. Changed syndromes of Yang Ming.
- Shao Yang. Syndrome of the meridian Shao Yang. Syndromes “Shao Yang Fu”. Combined syndromes.
- Tai Yin. Tai Yin syndrome. Syndrome of Tai Yin in conjunction with external syndromes. Changed Tai Yin Syndrome.
- Shao Yin. Shao Yin Syndrome. Shao Yin with cold, its variety. Shao Yin with a heat. Syndrome Shao Yin in conjunction with the external syndrome.
- Jue Yin. Different options for mixing cold and heat. “The heat at the top, the cold at the bottom.” Return of the disease to the syndrome of Yang Ming – Jue Yin with a heat. Jue Yin with cold.
- Clinical thinking “from prescription to syndrome”. “Bai Hu Tang Syndrome”, “Gui Zhi Tang Syndrome” and so on.
- Recipes of Shang Han Lun. Category (family) of Gui Zhi Tang. Category of Ma Huang tang. Category of Ge Gen Tang. Category of Chai Hu Tang. Category of Zhi Zi Chi Tang. Category of Xie Xin Tang. Category of Cheng Qi Tang. Category of Bai Hu Tang. Category of Li Zhong Tang. Category of Zheng Wu Tang. Category of Wu Ling San. Category of Si Ni Tang. Category of different recipes.
Arterial hypertension, chronic cerebral ischemia, encephalopathy.
Liver diseases and peculiarities of treatment from the positions of TCM (viral, toxic hepatitis, steatosis, chronic intoxications, treatment with decoctions and individual “wan yao”).
Pain in the lower back, pain in the joints.
Headache (including pain in sinusitis, sinusitis, headache with a feeling of cold).
Diabetes. Physiology and pathology of diabetes 1 and 2 types from the position of TCM. Approaches to treatment. Combination with drugs of Western medicine.
Metabolic syndrome and obesity. Combination of TCM methods with modern methods of treatment, correction of lifestyle from the perspective of Chinese medicine.
Dysmenorrhea. Infertility at female and male.
Chronic diarrhea (including accompanying treatment of patients with ulcerative colitis by TCM methods).
Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, (optional autoimmune thyroiditis, adjuvant support for oncology of the thyroid gland).
Edema. Differential diagnosis of syndromes.
- Treatment with the use of ingredients in TCM – zhong yi. History of development, bibliography.
- Medicinal raw materials in TCM. Location, collection rules, types and purposes of processing.
- Properties and nature of TCM ingredients. “Five tastes” and “four characters.” A systematic approach to the classification of ingredients. Theory of holism and “resonance theory”. Principles of unity in nature.
- Force of action of the ingredients.
- Ways and mechanisms of action of ingredients.
- Tropism to the meridians.
- Principles of combination of ingredients.
- Dosage of ingredients in recipes.
- Modern classification of TCM ingredients by their mechanism of action. The key value of certain ingredients in recipes.
- Carrying out some parallels between the action of Western and Chinese medicines.
- Ingredients inducing sweat (“opening the outer”):
– sharp and warm
– sharp and cold
- A brief historical review.
- The paradigm of TCM – from diagnosis (syndrome) to treatment. The methods and means of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
- Methods of studying TCM, the ancient system of training “master – apprentice”, modern medical education on TCM.
- Bibliography of TCM (treatises “Huang Di Ney Jing”, “Shang Han Lun”, “Wen Bin” and others). Features of studying and understanding of classical works.
- The connection of ancient medicine with modernity, the formation of algorithms for the integrative approach of TCM and Western Medicine, interpenetration and mutual enrichment. The concept of the theory of holism, the theory of resonance.
- The concept of Yin-Yang, the unity and struggle of opposites. Philosophical and medical aspects.
- The concept of Wu Xing (Five Elements), the philosophical and medical aspect. Kinds of connections between elements, features of their use in medicine.
- International medical terminology of TCM, the rules of writing “pin yin”.
- The theory of dense and empty organs Zang Fu.
Five density organs.
– Heart (XIN)
– Lung (FEY)
– Spleen (PI)
– Liver (GAN)
– Kidney (SHEN)
Six empty organs.
– Gallbladder (DAN)
– Stomach (WEI)
– Thin intestine (XIAO CHANG)
– Thick intestine (DA CHANG)
– Bladder (PANG GUANG)
– Three Jiao (SAN JIAO)
A detailed description of each organ, its function, role in the body, features. The concept of “windows” and “mirrors” of dense organs.
- The concept of Qi and blood in the body. Types of Qi. Functions of various types of Qi. The ratio of Qi and blood. The concept of the normal fluids of the “Jin Ye”. Normal and pathological fluids.
- Mental and emotional status of a person from the position of TCM (“5 souls” and the connection between them).
- The path of movement of water in the body according to the theory of TCM.
- Interaction between Qi, blood and liquids in the body.
- Interrelations between organs in normal and pathological conditions (as one of the variants of pathogenesis of the disease).
- Interrelationships between dense bodies.
- Interrelationships between dense and hollow organs according to the Biao-Li rule.
- The doctrine of the meridians of the organism. 12 “main meridians” and 8 “unusual vessels.” External and internal course of meridians, the concept of acupuncture points. “Yang” and “yin” meridians, their course, functions, connections in the body, collaterals, time of maximum activity. Pair interconnections.
- Causes of diseases from the position of TCM. Internal causes. External causes. Features of modern pathogenic factors forming the profile of morbidity.
- The concept of “six pathogenic XIE” as external factors that affect the body. Features of each of them.
- “Five internal pathogenic factors” and the reasons leading to them. Features of each of them. “Five fatigues” and “six stagnations”, “stagnation of the seven senses” and other internal causes of the disease.
- Pathogenesis of the development of diseases. The relationship between the pathogenic principle and the protective forces of the body. The role of protective barriers Zheng Qi, Wei Qi and others.
- Development of the disease according to the system of “six meridians”, “four barriers”.
- The ratio between yin and yang at normal and at pathology.
- Pathology of Qi.
- The pathology of blood.
- Joint pathology of Qi and blood.
- The pathology of Jin Ye fluids, the formation of pathological fluids such as dampness and phlegm.
- Prevention of diseases. Features of methods for the prevention of diseases used in TCM. The concept of “health promotion” Yang Sheng (methods of maintaining and promoting health in everyday life) as a basis for disease prevention. Healthy eating, harmonious emotions, life in harmony with nature, distribution of loads according to age, sleep and rest regime, etc. from the perspective of Chinese medicine. The relationship between the contribution of a healthy lifestyle and health care in the formation of human health.